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All planned coal projects around the world must be cancelled to end the âdeadly addictionâ to the most polluting fossil fuel, the UN secretary-general AntÃ³nio Guterres said on Tuesday.
Phasing out coal from the electricity sector is the single most important step to tackle the climate crisis, he said. Guterresâs call came at the opening of a summit of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA), a group of governments and businesses committed to ending coal burning for power.
The PPCA was founded by the UK and Canada in 2017. The UK is on track to end coal burning in power plants in 2024, but it has come under recent pressure for allowing a new coalmine to go ahead in Cumbria, which will produce coking coal for use in steel making. The UK is hosting a vital UN climate summit, Cop26, in November.
The PPCA announced two new national members, Hungary and Uruguay. PPCA members commit to ending coal burning for power by 2030 in developed nations and reducing it by 80% globally.
âToday, I am calling on all governments, private companies and local authorities to take three steps,â said Guterres. âFirst, cancel all global coal projects in the pipeline and end the deadly addiction to coal. Second, end the international financing of coal plants and â¦ third, jump-start a global effort to finally organise a just transition [for coal industry workers], going plant by plant if necessary.â
UK energy minister Anne-Marie Trevelyan told the PPCA summit: âHaving gone over 5,000 hours without using coal for electricity last year, the UK is powering forward with the transition away from coal for power generation and into the enormous economic potential of clean technologies.â She did not mention the Cumbria mine.
Canadaâs environment minister Jonathan Wilkinson said: âBy working together we are creating a healthier future for our children and grandchildren.â However, critics point out there are plans for new coal mines in Alberta.
Doug Parr, at Greenpeace UK, said: âThe UK is supposed to be leading this alliance, but far from Powering Past Coal â weâre scaling back up. Unless plans for the new mine are immediately scrapped, Boris Johnson will have damaged the credibility and moral authority needed to demand action from world leaders as host of this yearâs global climate conference.â
One of the UKâs most eminent environmental scientists recently called the governmentâs failure to block the new coalmine in Cumbria âabsolutely ridiculousâ. The governmentâs official climate advisers said the mine gave a ânegative impression of the UKâs climate prioritiesâ.
Supporters of the Â£165m mine say it would provide 500 jobs in an area which is among the most deprived in the country. Ministers have said the matter is a âlocal issueâ.
The mine would produce 2.7m tonnes a year of coking coal, with about 85% planned for export, although there is no shortage of such coal globally. A recent report suggested the sulphur content of the Cumbrian coal could mean British steelmakers would be unable to use it. Green experts say steelmakers will have to deploy new technology to reduce their emissions under the UKâs net zero targets.